Saturday, July 7, 2018

Choose ONVIF Prescribe ONVIF

Choose ONVIF Prescribe ONVIF

As an eSecurity Professional I always prefer to use ONVIF. ONVIF allows me to be truly independent of brands and recommend a way forward for customers that is not going to tie them in to a single, specific manufacturer. As I work as a System integrator in last 12yr found purchasers have probably all heard of ONVIF, but in my experience, the high level of competition in the CCTV market drives many manufacturers to attempt to differentiate themselves to understandably stay ahead of the pack. Unfortunately, I have seen many cases where the manufacturer tells the customer they make ONVIF-conformant products, but they then upsell additional features for their product and in many cases will say how that method is better than ONVIF. This doesn’t help many buyers of CCTV products today as they are not always experts in the field of CCTV or in the business of security, so they don’t see the strategic benefits of employing an ONVIF approach. We also see that the end users do not yet see the wider benefits of using an open standard and what that can offer them in the longer term.  They are instead more focused on the short term project, so there are many strategic influencers who are not yet aware of ONVIF.

Many projects I work which under government-funded customers that have long approval cycles and need to be able to have longer term plans. ONVIF allows this, as it has a stable roadmap and retains backwards compatibility in most things, so I am able to set a roadmap and a vision for a customers that they can plan around whilst having access to a large range of vendors and innovative new products. Government-funded long term projects will benefit the most from using ONVIF-conformant componentry. In India very few consultant prescribe ONVIF product, basically they still not clear about spec of ONVIF profiles. In UK, USA, Australia whether it is rail, roads, national or local projects, ONVIF has to be a key consideration in government-funded projects.

More systems will be ONVIF conformant and people buying products will be able to choose new and innovative solutions – like thermal cameras – as they become available, based purely on quality and cost instead of the manufacturer. That is a much simpler decision for them to make and the best products will rise to the top and remain in the market. There will also be more opportunities for systems to interoperate so that systems can be shared.

Each ONVIF profile has a fixed set of features that must be supported by a conformant device or client. Realizing a need for the standardization of communications between IP-based physical security products, Axis Communications, Bosch Security Systems and Sony Corp. in 2008 formed the Open Network Video Interface Forum (ONVIF).

ONVIF has surpassed 10,000 conformant products that meet its global interoperability standards, further broadening the organization’s offering and relevance in the IP-based physical security marketplace.

Membership is open to manufacturers, software developers, consultants, systems integrators, end users and other interested groups. The organization’s membership base covers six continents and offers more than 9,000 profile-conformant products.

How important is it for devices to be able to openly communicate, with some sort of standardization in effect? The technology researchers at the Gartner Group predict that by 2020 there will be 50 billion devices connected over IP networks, or what’s known now as the Internet of Things (IoT).
As ONVIF standards have evolved they have been designed around a list of performance profiles. Each ONVIF profile has a fixed set of features that must be supported by a conformant device or client. An example would be that an ONVIF Profile S device must work with other ONVIF Profile S devices.

Within each profile are product features listed by ONVIF and classified as mandatory (M), conditional (C) or optional (O). You can check online at the ONVIF Conformant Product List page and search for compliance confirmation. Do remember smarter video systems play a clear role in generating data.
To get an idea where products for your next project stand, here’s a look at current ONVIF profile specifications.
ONVIF Profile Specifications
For electronic access control systems:-
  • Profile C conformant devices and clients support site information, IP door access control and event and alarm management.
  • Profile A devices can retrieve information, status and event, and configure entities such as access rules, credentials and schedules. Conformant clients can provide configurations of access rules, credentials and schedules. The client can also retrieve and receive standardized access control-related events.
For IP-based video systems:-
  • Profile S could be a camera or video encoder that can send video data over an IP network to a Profile S client. A client might be video management software (VMS). This profile also covers pan/tilt/zoom control, audio, multicasting and relay outputs for conformant devices and clients that support such features. So it addresses common functionalities of IP video systems, such as video and audio streaming, PTZ controls, and relay activation.
  • Profile G products such as a camera or video encoder device can record video over an IP network or on the device itself. A Profile G VMS client is one that configure, request and control recording of video data over an IP network. Profile G also includes support for receiving audio and metadata streams. So it addresses video storage, recording, search, and retrieval.
  • Profile Q aims to provide quick discovery and basic configuration for Profile Q-conformant products. Profile Q also covers specs for TLS (transport layer security) configuration. TLS is a secure communication protocol to protect against tampering and eavesdropping.
  • Profile T is a release candidate for IP-based video systems. It supports video streaming such as the use of H.264 and H.265 encoding formats, imaging settings, and alarm events such as motion and tampering detection. This profile is designed to work with Profile S and not replace it.
The most majority IP-based security products claim to compliant with ONVIF standard. However, when end-users try to install these devices marked with this standard might encounter some problems, such as network video recorder can't discover the IP cameras in the same LAN network, motion detection doesn't work. Why is this happening?

First, you need to verify that your installed devices are truly compliant with ONVIF standard. Some manufacturers often mark their products as compatible with ONVIF, although this is not true. It's better to buy/use the IP-based security products from members of ONVIF. You can find the full list of members/manufacturers who are verified to offer ONVIF compliant products.

Second, it's not possible to be ONVIF compliant only; the IP-based security products need to be compliant to a Profile as well. You can be ONVIF conformant only, but if you are it is not guaranteed that you would get interoperability between other ONVIF devices and clients. To truly reap the benefits of ONVIF, you need to be Profile S compliant as it dramatically increases the chance of things like video and audio streaming or video configuration and multicast actually working well together.

One may encounter cases within a set of devices with Profile S, having no problems with connectivity and video streaming, but with some functions (e.g. motion detection). It is usually caused by errors of the standard or, more often, by an incorrect implementation of the standard/profile made by the manufacturer. Such problems should be immediately reported to the manufacturer that, in turn, should release improved software. ONVIF forum is heavily working on new, improved versions of the standard, which will be debugged and more precise in terms of terminology.

Please share this handy guide to all consultant, System integrator & customers. After reading this guide if you ask any of them, what would make your life easier? They’ll likely reply with open source integration of systems. Well, it’s been some time coming, but it looks like that wish is becoming more of a reality these days.

Friday, June 29, 2018

Reset IP Security Cameras

Reset IP Security Cameras
If an IP security camera has failed or if some of its functions are not responding you may need to reset the camera. Every brand has its own resetting sequence. 

As per my last 12yr experience I have prepared this useful guide about how to reset IP cameras, with the help of (one of the most reliable and frontier information source of surveillance systems).

Reset Button Locations
There are a few common reset button locations, shown below. For added security some reset buttons may be located under the dome bubble or an access panel. For ease of access some reset buttons are located at the end of the whip or exposed on the exterior of the camera. Exposed locations are notably less secure than others, as they allow the camera to be reset without disturbing it, which could effectively take it offline.

3xLogic has two different reset methods for different series.
Visix V Series:
Press and hold the reset button for 2 seconds while the device is in use. System will reboot.
Press the reset button and hold it for 10 seconds. This procedure will reset everything to the factory settings (password, username etc)
1.                Disconnect the power cable.
2.                Press and hold the Reset Button. While continuing to hold the reset button, reconnect the power cable.
3.                After the power cable plugged keep holding the reset button around 6 seconds, release the reset button. The unit will reset to factory settings
ADI / W Box
Follow the same steps of Hikvision resetting procedure.
Advidia has different resetting methods because of OEMs multiple manufacturers
A Series (HikVision OEM)
Follow the same steps of Hikvision resetting procedure..
B Series (ACTi OEM)
1.                Disconnect the power cable.
2.                Press and hold the Reset Button. While continuing to hold the reset button, reconnect the power cable.
3.                After the power cable plugged keep holding the reset button . The red Power LED light will flash on for 3 second first, turn off for about 15 seconds, flash on for another second and turn off again. This procedure takes around 20 seconds and camera will power up. Release the reset button.
E Series (Dahua OEM)
Press and hold the reset button until the blue LED (about 5 seconds) underneath the camera lights up.
Arecont Vision
*For MicroDome Duo , MegaVideo 4K and the new generation models
Press the reset button and hold 10 for seconds and then release the button.
4.                Switch off the network camera by disconnecting the power adapter.
5.                Press and hold the Reset button (SW1) on the board with your finger while reconnecting the power.
6.                Keep the Reset button (SW1) pressed for about 2 seconds.
7.                Release the Reset button (SW1).
8.                The network camera resets to factory defaults and restarts after completing the factory reset.
Press and hold the INITIAL SET button for about 10 seconds while the power is on.

1.                Unplug camera from power source and NVR.
2.                press and hold reset button on camera for 20 seconds. KEEP HOLDING UNTILL the step let your hand go.
3.                keep holding reset button. At the same time, plug camera to NVR. ...
4.                hold on reset button for 20 seconds after camera is plugged into NVR and let hand go. NVR.

5.                Disconnect power source from the camera.
6.                Press and hold the firmware revert button.
7.                While holding the button, connect the power source back. Then release the button after 3 seconds
1.                Disconnect product form the power source.
2.                Press and hold the control button while reconnecting power.
3.                Hold the control button until the amber lights turn on (up to 30 seconds)
4.                Release the control button. The process is complete when the light turns green.
1.                Disconnect product form the power source.
2.                Press and hold the reset button. Connect to power source back to device while holding the default button.
3.                Wait for 5 seconds and release the reset button
4.                Wait approximately one minute for the camera to finish the reset process and to reboot
Press and hold the reset button for more than 10 seconds while the power is on.
Press and hold the Reset Button for more than 10 seconds
Hold the power button down for 12 seconds when the power is off.
Continue to hold until Canary Flex reboots (while light will be spinning) then release the button.
1.                Press and release reset button. Wait for the Camera to reboot.
2.                Press and hold the reset button until the status LED rapidly blinks.
36300 and 6630 Cameras
Press and hold the reset button for 15 seconds
Press and hold the reset button until the camera restarts (about 5 seconds) while the power source connected to camera.
Digital Watchdog
Press and hold the reset button for 5 seconds.
Press and hold the RESET button for 3 seconds while the camera is on.
1.                Press and hold the reset button for 30 seconds.
2.                Both LEDs on the RJ45 connector are extinguished.After one second, the green network LED flashes once and remains lighted.
Follow the same procedure for Dahua.
Press and hold the default button (for about 8 seconds) and release when status LED blinks
Press and hold reset button for about 5 seconds to reboot the system.
Press and hold the reset button, power on the camera, continue holding for more than 10 seconds.
1.                Disconnect the power source.
2.                Press and hold the reset button until the status indicator blinks. Then release the button.
3.                When the power indicator changes to green (may take up to 40 seconds), the process is complete.
Unfortunately Mobotix cameras do not have a reset button. They must be returned to the manufacturer.
1.                Press and hold the reset button on the bottom of the camera for several seconds while the power is on.
2.                Hold the button for five seconds (light will be yellow during this) when the light turns blue release the button
3.                When the blue light is faded, resetting is done.
1.                Disconnect the power source
2.                Press and hold the initial set button and plug the power back in.
3.                Keep holding for 5 seconds.
4.                Camera will boot itself for about 2 minutes then the resetting will be done.
1.                Press and hold the reset button for 10 seconds.
2.                Press button down again and release to reboot camera.
1.                Turn off the camera.
2.                Press and hold the reset button while turning back on the camera.

Swann (for NHD-820/830/835/850/880/881)
1.      Reboot the camera by disconnecting the power source (Ethernet for PoE and power adapter for non-PoE) then plugging it back.
2.      Within 10 seconds of powering up the camera, press and hold the reset button for 10 seconds.
1.                Turn of and turn back on the camera
2.                Press and hold the reset button until the PWR LED turns red. (about 15 seconds)
3.                You have 10 minutes to apply this procedure after the camera turned on.
1.                Press and hold the button for a few seconds.
2.                While you're holding down the button, the LED will go to POST (power on self test).
3.                Wait for the self-diagnostic to run twice.

Please keep it in mind, resetting a camera cannot solve the hardware problems and also it is not always accurate to solve software issues too.

Saturday, June 2, 2018

Analog Security Camera Installation at Home

Analog Security Camera installation at Home

Home security camera (system) installation issues keep popping up, while you are choosing top surveillance equipment. Drilling holes, running wires and cables inside and outside an apartment may freak you out. Not to mention, the CCTV security camera (system) installation cost in US, Australia, Canada, India, etc. if you ask for professional home surveillance companies, installers, or other video camera installation services.

Hi Indian, no worries. Take a coffee break, and follow the expert instructions below on installing wired and wireless home security cameras inside and outside of your sweet home.
Most home surveillance packages come with the wires, DVR, and cameras included, and are a much easier way to start your system then buying everything separately.

To install a security camera system for your house, start by surveying the layout of your home and assessing how many cameras you’ll need. Once you purchase the system, install the cameras high up on the walls so that they have a broad frame in the shot. Most cameras mount to the walls with screws, and can be plugged into a regular outlet. Connect wired cameras to the monitoring system using BNC cables, or link wireless cameras to your computer.

4nos Camera based BOQ for your Home:
Sl No
item Short Description
Item Long Description
Dome Camera
720P IR Dome Camera
Bullet Camera
720P IR Bullet Camera
4CH DVR, with Hard disk
3+1 Cable
3+1 Cable for connecting Camera
Power Supply
12V 1A Power Supply
PVC Conduit
20mm PVC Conduit with Accessories
20" LED Monitor
20" LED Monitor for DVR
Router for Mobile View
CAT6 Cable in complete

Buy the right package to suit your needs. You can buy each piece individually, but it is generally cheaper and easier to buy bundled security systems. At a minimum your system should have 1-3 cameras, a DVR (digital video recorder), appropriate wiring (3+1 Cable / RG and BNC cables), and power cords. Unless you are choosing to monitor a large area, wireless cameras with wall mounting should cover your needs.

Basic Home Security: Get a package with 2-3 outdoor cameras (to monitor doors), and a DVR with at least 3 days of recording time.

HSN Code of CCTV related item
Item Name
HSN Code
Camera (Dome. Bullet, Speed Dome, Zoom Any Type)
DVR (Digital Video Recorder)
NVR (Network Video Recorder)
M-DVR (Mobile DVR)
HD Storage
Embedded Video Storage
Co Axial Cable (RG11, RG 59, RG6 etc)
CCTV Cable (3+1, 4+1 etc)
Optical Fibre Cables
Optical Fibre Bundles & Cables
Hard Disc Pack
Digital Video Discs
Solid-State Non-Volatile Storage Devices (Hard Disk)
Accessories For Cctv (Lens, Video amplifier, Audio module, Housing, BNC, Stand, Connector etc)
Any Software/ VMS Software / Access Software / Graphic Software etc
PVC Insulated Armoured/Unarmoured Cable Low voltage
2Core, 4Core, 6Core, 12Core PVC Cable upto 80V
Video Monitor Colour < 17"
Video Monitor Colour > 17"
Computer / Workstation
Keyboard / Joy Stick
LAN Cable (CAT 5, CAT 6 etc)
Modem / Routers
Access point for LAN/WAN
Power Supply
UPS Capacity Nt Excdng 100000 KVA
Network Switches including connector/Socket
Optical Fiber Connector
Switches, Relays, Fuses, Surge Suppressors, Plugs, Sockets, Lamp-Holders, Junction Boxes, Circuit Breakers

HSN Code of CCTV Camera Cable and import duty.
Make a diagram of your surveillance needs. It is both expensive and inefficient to monitor every square inch of your house, so you need to prioritize what areas you want to watch the most. Draw up a rough diagram of your house or print out the blueprints and note where you might want to place cameras. When you are done, check out each location to make sure it is not blocked by anything and provides the best view possible. You may want cameras for:
·        Front and back doors.
·        Off-Street Windows
·        Large common spaces (kitchen, living room etc.)
·        Driveways
·        Porches
·        Stairways 

Choose a high, broad angle for your camera. The best angle of any room is usually looking down from the corner where the ceiling meets the walls. Make sure you can clearly see all entries and exits and that the camera is near a power outlet.
If you are mounting a camera outside, place it above 10ft so that it cannot be easily knocked down. Mount your camera to the wall. Some cameras come with sticky pads to adhere your camera to the wall, but screwing your camera in is the safest way to mount your cameras long-term. While every camera is different, most of them can be mounted the same way:
  • ·        Place the mount in its desired location.
  • ·        Using a sharpie, make marks on the wall where each screw should go.
  • ·        Drill a hole for each screw using an electric drill
  • ·        Hammer in any molding pins.
  • ·        Screw the mount into the wall.
  • ·        Position the camera to your desired angle.

Attach your camera to a power source. Almost all cameras come with a power adapter that plugs into a normal wall socket. Plug the small, round end into the power input on the back of the camera and plug the other end into the outlet.
Use a power supply box to power multiple cameras through one outlet. Power boxes, available online and in hardware stores for Rs.200-Rs.400, allow you to power your cameras through a single wall outlet. They come with multiple ports and are great for powering close-together cameras or cameras that aren't near an outlet, like attic cameras. However, you will need to run lengthy amounts of wire to attach each camera to the same box.
·        Always attach the cameras before hooking the box to electricity.
·        Make sure you buy a power supply box big enough to power each one of your cameras. They should list how many outlets they support on the box.
If your power adapter is missing or broken, contact your manufacturer.

Now the most important part is Cable. In Security camera cable is basically manufactured in such a way that it should optimize video signal quality. CCTV camera cable is composed of two sub cables that will run simultaneously for transmitting both video and power signal, Video transmitting cable also called RJ59 Cable, one sub cable is the central solid copper conductor core shielded by dielectric material, then further shielded by copper or alloy braid that will transmit video signal and another is power cables that will transmit power and both two-part is insulated by PVC having diameter of 5.5 mm to 7.5 mm.

Now I would like to explain core means RJ59 cable, which is made up of dense copper having diameter of 0.22 to 0.28 mm. this core is very crucial and play a vital role for CCTV integrator. If use cable which have good quality solid copper which have more than 0.25mm diameter and have more than 30 shielded braid then definitely you can transmit video up to 150 meter but you should keep in mind that for 150 meter Video transmission you should also transmit power for 150 meter, for this you need good quality AWG power cable. In India this type of cable is very rare you have to make on order. General Cables comes in Indian market have 0.22mm diameter core that will transmit up to 90 meters only.  As far as security camera cable wire color code is considered generally yellow wire is used for video, Red color power wire is used for positive (+), Black color wire is used for Negative(+) and green is for ground. BNC Connector is connected to yellow wire and DC connector is connected to red and black color.
There is 3 type of security camera cable which as is as follows.
·        4+1  CCTV Cable – This Cable is the composition of two type sub cable that will run simultaneously one part is four power cables that will transmit Power and another part is the RJ59 cable that will transmit video.
·        3+1  CCTV Cable – This Cable is the composition of two type sub cable that will run simultaneously one part is three power cables that will transmit Power and another part is the RJ59 cable that will transmit video.
·        2+1  CCTV Cable – This Cable is the composition of two type sub cable that will run simultaneously one part is two power cables that will transmit Power and another part is the RJ59 cable that will transmit video.
Maximum length for coaxial cable for CCTV is 300 meters of CCTV Cable without any joint but it will transmit video only up to 100 meters.

Hide your wires. To have a truly professional looking system you can run your cables through the walls and towards your surveillance hub. Be sure you know the layout of your walls and the location of any pipes, cables, or studs as you begin running wires. Running cables requires you to drill a hole in the wall, then thread the cable through the walls to your DVR through open spaces in your house, usually the attic.
·        If you are not comfortable drilling into your walls and running cables through, call a professional carpenter or handyman to take care of the cabling.
·        You can also secure cables to the walls or baseboards using a staple gun.
·        Consider hiding cables under rugs, but tape them down so that no one accidentally trips.

Attach a wired camera to your DVR. Surveillance equipment is connected using a BNC (Bayonet Neill–Concelman) connection.
BNC cables are simple to use -- they are identical on both sides and you simply plug them into the appropriate port, turning a small nut on the end to lock it in place. Plug one end into your camera's "Output" and the other into one of the DVR "Input" ports.
·        Note which input you plug into -- this is the input your DVR must be set to in order to view your camera's video.
·        If your cable does not have a BNC connection you can buy a simple BNC adapter online or at a hardware store. This will slip onto the end of your cable to make it BNC compatible.
Attach the monitor to the DVR. This connection frequently uses a BNC cable as well, but some DVR's can attach with HDMI cables or coaxial cables. Using your preferred connection, attach one end to the DVR's "Output" port and the other to the monitor's "Input."
·        You can hook up as many cameras as your DVR has inputs -- it will automatically record every camera you install.
·        Note which input you plug into-- this is the input you need to choose to see your cameras.

Create a central "surveillance hub." When you are wiring a lot of cameras at once, you'll need one simple place to bring all of the feeds together to your DVR. This should be a place that is easy to access, and where you can comfortably run wires from anywhere in the house. Attics, offices and your internet router all make good places to base your surveillance system.
You should only need one DVR for all of your cameras. Attach each video cable to a separate DVR port. Your DVR can handle multiple cameras at once, allowing you to record every room in the house with only one box. Your monitor will then display every camera, or you will have to cycle through them using the "input" button on your DVR.

Attention: Don’t be cheated by some cheap wired security camera systems with DVR, which use old analog cameras, and record fuzzy and useless videos. Some other wired CCTV DVR security camera systems may have more functions and cost you over Rs. 12500, almost the price of a quality NVR wired security camera system with improved performance on all rounds.

Anyway, the wired security camera with DVR is by no means a futurist choice, if it is not outdated.